RUDOLF STEINER - CHRONOLOGICAL BIOGRAPHY
(Version 1.8 May 6, 2010)
For the original in Portuguese, please click here
|1861||Birth on Feb. 27 in Donji Kraljevec (Lower Kralevec), Medjimurje region, Croatia, between Hungary and Slovenia, son of a railroad employee. Parents came from Austria. Childhood and youth in various Austrian towns.|
|1872-1879||Junior and Senior high school in Wiener-Neustadt (close to Vienna).|
|1875-1889||Worked as a private teacher, many times to his own classmates, specially in Math and sciences.|
|1879-1883||Undergraduate studies at the Vienna Institute of Technology (Wiener Technische Hoschschule). Deep studies of Goethe.|
|1882-1897||Editor of Goethe's scientific works for the J.Kürschner's "Deutsche National Literatur" edition (the 5 volumes are in GA 1a-e).|
|1884-1890||Private teacher/tutor of 4 children of a Vienna family, mainly of one who was hydrocephalic and unable to learn. Succeeds in helping him to finish school, and enter the Faculty of Medicine; he died during the 1st. World War.|
|1886||Worked in the "Duchess Sophia" complete edition of Goethe's writings.|
|1888||Editor of the "Weekly German Magazine" (Deutsche Wochenschrift) (GA 31).|
|1890-1897||Worked at the Schiller-Goethe Archives in Weimar. Edition of Goethe's scientific writings.|
|1891||Doctorate in Philosophy at the University of Rostock, Germany. Publication of the dissertation (GA 3).|
|!894||Meeting with Haeckel; beginning of correspondence with him (in GA 38).|
|1897||Moved to Berlin, where he was the editor (up to 1900) of the "Literature Magazine" (Magazin für Literatur) (GA 31), where he decisively manifests himself against antisemitism, and of the "Drama Journal" (Dramaturgische Blätter) with O.E.Hartleben. Activities at the "Free Drama Society" (Freien dramatischen Gesellschaft), at the Giordano Bruno League, and others.|
|1899-1904||Instructor at the Berlin "Workers' School of Education" (Arbeiter-Bildungsschule).|
|1900||Beginning of activities as a lecturer on various Anthroposophic themes under the invitation of the Berlin Theosophic Society, transmitting only the results of his own original esoteric research.|
|1902||Nominated the General Secretary of the German Theosophic Society. In the same day, gives a lecture with title "Anthroposophy".|
|1902-1912||Intensive activity as a lecturer in Berlin and in whole Europe. Marie von Sievers becomes his constant cooperator.|
|1903||Foundation of the Luzifer journal, later Luzifer-Gnosis (GA 10-12, 34).|
|1905||First writings on the threefold social organization (in GA 34).|
|1906||Meeting with Edouard Schuré; Marie von Sievers had translated some of his works.|
|1907||Organizes the world conference of the Theosophic Society in Munich, where he introduces artistic activities for the first time.|
|1910-1913||Writes and directs the representation of his 4 Mystery Dramas, one each year, in Munich (GA 14).|
|1912||Introduction of the new arts Eurithmy (GA 277a) and Speech Formation (GA 281).|
|1913||Separation from the Theosophic Society and foundation of the Anthroposophical Society.|
|1913-1923||Construction of the first Goetheanum in Dornach, Switzerland, a true work of art in wood.|
|1914||Marriage with Marie von Sievers (from then on Marie Steiner).|
|1914-1924||In lectures in Dornach, Berlin and many cities all over Europe, gives indication for the renewal of many areas of human activity: art, education, sciences, social life, medicine, pharmacology, therapies, agriculture, architecture and theology.|
|1919||Intensive activities as a writer and lecturer on his ideas on social renewal, the Threefold Commonwealth (GA 23, 328-341) mainly in Southern Germany. On autumn, foundation of the Free Waldorf School (Freie Waldorfschule) in Stuttgart (GA 293-295), directed by him up to his death; this school exists up to now, at the Hausman street.|
|1920||First course for physicians (GA 312), beginning the application to what became Anthroposophic Medicine.|
|1921||Foundation of the "Das Goetheanum" weekly, with his regular contributions (GA 36, 260a); this journal continues to be edited. Foundation of the first Anthroposophic Clinic, in Arlesheim, next to Dornach, by Ita Wegman; this clinic continues its operation as the Ita Wegman Klinik (for a picture of it and a text with information in German, please click here).|
|1922||Foundation of the religious renewal movement "The Christian Community", by clergymen under his orientation. In the evening of the year's end, the Goetheanum is criminally set afire. In the following day, he continues his lecture cycle in the nearby cabinetmaking workshop.|
|1923||Beginning of the design and gypsum modeling of the 2nd Goetheanum, to be built in 1925-28 after his death, now in reinforced concrete (for pictures of it, please click here). During the Christmas Conference, foundation of the new General Anthroposophical Society (Allgemeine Anthroposophische Gesellschaft).|
|1923-1925||Publishes every week in Das Goetheanum his autobiography (GA 28), which would remain unfinished (covers his life up to 1907). In cooperation with Dr. Ita Wegman, writes the book on Anthroposophic Medicine (GA 27).|
|1924||Course on agriculture in Koberwitz (GA 327), originating bio-dynamic farming. Course on Curative Education (GA 317), originating this field of application of Anthroposophy. After intensive activity of lectures and courses in the last months, and his last lecture on Sept. 9 to members of the Society, beginning of his fatal disease.|
|1925||Death in Dornach on March 30. His published work, including lecture cicles, comprises more than 350 titles.|
The information on Steiner's precise brithplace was provided by Mario firstname.lastname@example.org.
To jump to a page with Steiner's picture, please click here. For a site with many pictures of Steiner, in various periods of his life, please click here. (unfortunately this link is not working anymore; it will be replaced).
For a complete list of his books, writings and lecture cycles, the GA (Gesamtausgabe), with indication of the volumes in the library of Escola Waldorf Rudolf Steiner of São Paulo, Brazil, in the original and in various translations, please click here. For a site with the GA in English, with a list of lectures in chronological order, abstracts of books and lectures, and much more, please click here.
To jump to the catalog of the Editora Antroposófica, the main publisher of his translations in Brazil, please click here.
To jump to a page on Anthroposophy, please click here.
To jump to the home page of the Anthroposophical Society in Brazil, please click here.